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A typical Rubank


Rubank (Swedish: [rʉːbaŋk], from the German Rauhbank to ruuch, rough, uneven) is the most common long plane in sweden.

Other names

Robank, Råbank, Rodbank, Rudbank, Ruhbank, Rökbank, Rubonk, Rubänk[1]


The stock is square in cross-section, most commonly 60 by 60 mm and often somewhere around 600 mm long.
The iron beds just in front of the centre of the stock and the top of the bed are more often than not right at the centre point.
The Tote situated behind the blade commonly in the middle of the stock but in older planes, it is often set to the right side of the plane stock.
These planes have no front tote or horn but often have a strike button midway between the toe and the breast of the escapement for setting and resetting the blade.


The longest standard plane found in every wood shop and Slöjd shop in Sweden, it is the plane used to do the rough work right after the axe or saw, or second after a Skrubbhyvel.






Fogbänk is the largest of the Swedish planes, it is a large Lagghyvel (Eng: Coopers jointer), longer than 2m and the stock is of a square cross-section of more than 140x140mm.[2][3]



Golvbank is the longest Rubank used as a normal plane, compared to the Lagghyvel and Fogbänk. This plane is longer than 1.6m but still 60x60-80x80mm cross-section. This plane has a special usage in jointing the traditional Swedish wooden floors of a log cabin and other houses.[4][2]


Halvbank is the Swedish name for the Razee plane. This is the traditional boat builders long plane where the tote is set down lower in the stock by cutting away half the height of the stock behind the bed.[4]


Karnisbank is a general name for any moulding plane made from or like a Rubank.[5][4]


Lagghyvel is the Swedish name for the Coopers jointer, a large long plane with legs, standing upside down on the floor. It is used for jointing the sides of the staves of a wooden cask, barrel, vat, bucket, tub, trough and other similar containers. This plane usually has the dimensions of 1.2m-2m length and above 100x100mm cross-section. There are some different types of shaped plane soles, depending on the product being made some have concave soles of different radius. [2][6]


Planhyvel is an old name for a Rubank of the length longer than 600mm and shorter than 800mm, used for making boards flat. Today this name is most commonly associated with the thickness planing machine.[7]


Rikthyvel is an old name of a Rubank with a 90-degree to the sole fence along one side of the plane to make a side square to a face. Like the Planhyvel, this name is today mostly known as the Surface planer machine (US-Eng: Jointer machine)[8]


Slöjdbank is a small Rubank designed for young woodshop (Swe: Slöjd) students. This plane has a smaller tote, smaller stock and iron than other Rubanks, often about 400mm long and 40x40mm to 50x50mm cross-section.[4]



Related planes

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